Temporomandibular Joint Disorder(TMD)

What is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

First of all, to describe Temporomandibular Joint Disorder(TMD) it's important to know what the Temporomandibular Joint is!


 The Temporomandibular Joint(TMJ) is a complex joint found just in front of your ear. It connects your mandible(lower jaw) to your Temporal bone(base of the skull) with muscles that allow you to move your lower jaw open and closed as well as forward and sideways.
TMJ Disorder(TMD) is a description of many conditions that can affect the TMJ, jaw muscles, and nerves of the face.
TMD symptoms can include:
*Jaw pain/soreness that occurs in the morning or late afternoon
*Earache without an ear infection
*Jaw pain when you yawn, chew or talk
*Clicking or popping when you open your mouth
*Difficulty in opening and closing your mouth
*Stiff jaw when you eat, talk or yawn, or even locking open or closed
*Toothaches or tooth sensitivity with no dental problem
*Headache or Neck pain
*Worn and/or sensitive teeth
TMD is the most common chronic orofacial pain that is non-dental related. It also affects twice as many women as men.
Causes of TMD include:
*Injury to the jaw or side of the face
*Abnormal function of the lower jaw during chewing
*Clenching or grinding teeth
*Overuse of the muscles involved
Most cases of TMD can be treated by resting the joint.
*During the day try to avoid clenching or grinding by keeping your tongue between your teeth.
* At night  wearing a custom made Night Guard helps to rest the joint.
*Avoiding gum and chewy foods during flare ups.
*Ice and Hot Packs
*Posture Therapy
*Decreasing stress and relaxation techniques can also help.
If the above simple steps don't help with TMD physical therapy or even surgery may be recommended.
Division Dental Studio
1900 Division Street #2
Bemidji, MN 56601